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Why Chogm Is Disturbing Me

I don’t like CHOGM, or the ridiculous commonwealth meetings taking place in Kampala this November. CHOGM, the loathsome abbreviation I often heard on the radio and in conversations on matibuses, happens every two years in a different British commonwealth country. This year, Uganda is considered ‘developed’ enough to hold its first chogm meetings. Generally, most heads of commonwealth countries show up, and Queen Elizabeth makes a mighty appearance. I am a little taken aback by my nasty tone, or the venom I am unleashing right now. When I first heard about CHOGM, I felt neutral, a bit skeptic. CHOGM was in November, and I was in Uganda from the end of January to the end of May, more or less. But after seeing preparations for the meetings while I was there, and hearing some pretty depressing news over the summer, I am feeling differently.

Previous CHOGMS have discussed important issues affecting member states, such as apartheid in South Africa (did you know apartheid is pronounced apart-hate?) or a coup in Pakistan. Last year’s CHOGM meeting was in Valletta, Malta (2005), and the 2003 meeting was in Abuja, Nigeria.

It’s 42 days and 3 hours to CHOGM time in Kampala, check the handy countdown clock on the official site. Years of preparation have literally gone to three days from November 23 to the 25th, 2007. Officials looking as strange as I did (yes, I made a few Ugandan children cry with my scary blue eyes and posho-colored skin, although I generally produced a bizarre amount of excitement– i.e. ‘Maama, look! Wow!’) will arrive in Entebbe and most likely see a Uganda- as cliche as this sounds- that most Ugands never see. They will enjoy the extremely expensive roads built just for them (!), or perhaps the fabulous joys of the Serena or Sheraton hotel. This reminds me of scenes from “Life and Debt”…

These are some reasons I have been loathing CHOGM.
1-Most Ugandans have had their wages put ‘on hold’ until CHOGM is over. Government has spent a fortune building roads and installing what I call “first-world plus” amenities, and can’t afford to dispense wages for government employees. Businesses have gone chogm-crazy and taken out extravagant loans, anticipating CHOGM businesses, and have been using employee wages to start paying off the loans. My dear Justine Kasozi, or my Ugandan mommy, hasn’t been paid in over 4 months. No sente (money in Luganda)means no school fees (Uganda’s education is predominantly privatized due to structural adjustment). My little Ugandan sisters (Mrs. Kasozi’s daughters) have to pay about $150 USD a semester to go to a school with teachers that show up, real books, and desks. I’ve been to public schools in Uganda. 2 broken latrines for hundreds of bright, motivated children dying to learn; teachers that often don’t get paid and usually don’t show up, and worse. Girls having nowhere to dispose of sanitary napkins. Not a single ball for hundreds of boys and girls to use at recess.
2- What CHOGM is doing to street children. The government is clearing the streets of beggars, mostly impoverished kids and women from Karamoja, or north-eastern Uganda, and dumping hundreds of kids in a makeshift holding center. Sometimes you’ll be in Kampala, and street children- resilient, vulnerable, very young kids- will literally follow you for blocks saying “sole, sole, sole,” or some, some, some. If you give the kids some money, they might remember what block they were standing on, and 20 more kids might appear at the block the next day. It sounds like such a conservative argument, it really does, but it’s a lot of responsibility- what if 20 more kids show up at that block the same day? What if the government catches them begging, which is illegal? Most of the time while I was there, because of CHOGM, there were no street kids, just at the beginning and the end. As horrible as our homeless shelters are, and the foster system too is really screwed up, neoliberal reforms have not yet hit the u.s. the way they have hit uganda.

What does neoliberal reform mean in Uganda? Goodbye social infrastructure. The government’s only role under neoliberal is to provide a safe environment for capital. Free trade, not fair trade. School fees. Social services in neoliberalism should only be provided by charitable donors, which I really think is not a good long-term strategy (i.e. donors tend to give erratically, which is not great for the long-term social infrastructure that people need). Rather than building a social welfare system, Ugandans are locked into relying on Save the Children, which can try hard and fill short-term need, but doesn’t generally know the local needs of communities the way democratically elected officials could. And they couldn’t, obviously.
Perhaps most importantly, ngo workers are not (!!) held accountable the way theoretically the Ugandan government could.

3-I am so tired of the Ugandan government dumping so much precious money into the roads between the Entebbe airport and the capital, to give Uganda this lovely polished look that just isn’t accurate. There are some nice Ugandan roads (nothing though compares to the amazing road infrastructure in Rwanda, I’ll never forget their brilliant roads, Kigali- despite the incredible challenges and horror it’s seen- was sparkling the few days in March that I was there), but generally roads are soft and red and potholed. The roads they are rapidly building for CHOGM are also being rushed so quickly that they are being built poorly. I personally feel nostalgic for Ugandan roads, but I am definitely in the minority on that and that will probably vanish when I am on a bus and need a helmet to protect my little redhead from smacking against the ceiling hehe.

But now, the positives on CHOGM! How bipolar of me.

+Global warming is a major issue on the CHOGM table
+A boom possibly to the tourism industry, even if tourism is a mixed bag, there is potential to reap on foreign exchange. Uganda’s Minister of Tourism stated, “CHOGM is a golden opportunity to showcase Uganda.”
+More attention might get paid to critical issues such as peace and security in Africa’s Great Lakes region, Karamoja, peace and reconciliation in Acholiland/Northern Uganda

Photo from my brother ne mukwano/rafiki (friend in Luganda and Kiswahili, respecively) Joel Steiner:
p.s.eventually you will find this in a book in Aristock bookstore or maybe Banana boat, for 50,000 ugshx (around 35 usd).



Flash Floods and Rains Cut Off Northern and Eastern Uganda

Yesterday, President Museveni declared a state of emergency in Uganda. Heavy rains and flash floods have been hitting the whole continent since August, with floods hitting some of Africa’s most productive farmlands in fourteen countries in West, Central, and East Africa. Uganda is possibly the hardest hit of all the countries, experiencing the worst rains in 35 years. Museveni might be a bit late in declaring the national emergency; Ghana declared a national emergency last week. However, it’s important to note that he never declared a national emergency even during the worst moments of the LRA movement in Acholiland.
Timothy Kalyegira wrote in an opinion piece for the “Daily Monitor,” Uganda’s independent newspaper,
“But this was not rain. It was something maniacal. When you start getting 12 inches of rain in a week, it becomes the worst of nightmares. In this case, they are worst nightmares in living memory for Africa.”
The floods have washed away bridges and roads in a part of the country where decades of conflict (as well an overall economic policy that favors neoliberalism and military intervention in DR Congo and Somalia) have left a weak infrastructure in its place. As Uganda takes the difficult challenge of moving from ceasefire to reconciliation and long-term, sustainable development, it will need to invest in its precious infrastructure.
Serious flash floods are only adding fuel to an ongoing discussion on the implications of climate change in Uganda. Whether or not flooding is related to global warming, this is an important disussion. On the “New Vision” (a government-sponsored newspaper) online discussion board, reader Hugh Mason writes,

“Since many climatologists consider that global warming will lead to more frequent occurances of heavy rainfall leading to flooding in our part of the world, we need to be prepared for floods. What can be done will vary from place to place but in the first instance the government should examine the evidence from air photographs of the flooded areas to ascertain whether there are places where the relatively low cost deepening of channels will allow faster run off to the lakes or where the construction of a levee would keep the waters from flooding from a watercourse or channel over wide areas of farm land. Since such measures would probably only alleviate the problem in a few places, the government should investigate what is best practice in countries such as Bangla Desh which are frequently inundated and have long experience of getting relief to communities which are cut off by water. Having done this they should prepare contingency plans to deal with the next occasion of flooding.”

The World Food Program, a huge UN organization that is run entirely on voluntary donations, is currently asking for $65 million USD to stave off hunger for 300,000 flood victims, as well as refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs), who are a large population in Northern and Eastern Uganda.

Is the flooding part of global warming phenomeneon? Is neoliberal policy working for Uganda’s infrastructure? Feel free to comment and shoot down/supplement/cheer on my thoughts.

(Picture from my mukwano Vasti Cedeno below, thanks!)

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